Scientific Name: Bison bison bison

Found In: North America from Canada and Alaska spanding throughout the United States to Northern Mexico.

Size: Weighs 700 to 2,000 pounds and grows up to 7 – 12 feet in length.

Diet: Bison are primarily grazers and forage primarily in grassland and meadow communities from the arid grasslands of Chihuahua State in northern Mexico, through the grasslands of the Great Plains, to the riparian meadows of interior Alaska.

Threat Level: Near Threatened – In the 19th Century, market, subsistence and recreational hunting nearly eliminated the bison throughout its range in North America.

Facts: There are ten wild populations of wood bison within the natural range of the sub-species; all are in Canada.

Virginia Zoo Bison: females Lily and Oakley, who has her horn sheaths.